T. S. Eliot

1888–1965
T. S. Eliot

Arguably the most famous poet of the Modernist movement, T(homas) S(tearns) Eliot revolutionized the art first with "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock" in 1915 and then with the 1922 publication of his long, difficult poem The Waste Land. He also became famous for his criticism and later for the poems adapted into the Broadway musical Cats. Although born in St. Louis, he spent most of his adult life in England, working first in banking, then in publishing.