The repetition of initial stressed, consonant sounds in a series of words within a phrase or verse line. Alliteration need not reuse all initial consonants; “pizza” and “place” alliterate.
A brief, intentional reference to a historical, mythic, or literary person, place, event, or movement.
A pithy, instructive statement or truism, like a maxim or adage.
A term meaning “the art of poetry,” an ars poetica poem expresses that poet's aims for poetry and/or that poet's theories about poetry.
The repetition of vowel sounds without repeating consonants; sometimes called vowel rhyme.
A love poem or song welcoming or lamenting the arrival of the dawn.
A popular narrative song passed down orally. In the English tradition, it usually follows a form of rhymed (ABCB) quatrains alternating four-stress and three-stress lines. Folk (or traditional) ballads are anonymous and recount tragic, comic, or heroic
Unrhyming iambic pentameter, also called heroic verse.
A quatrain that rhymes ABAB and alternates four-stress and three-stress iambic lines. It is the meter of the hymn and the ballad.
Concrete or Pattern Poetry
Verse that emphasizes nonlinguistic elements in its meaning, such as a typeface that creates a visual image of the topic
A resemblance in sound between two words, or an initial rhyme.
A pair of successive rhyming lines, usually of the same length.
A poem in which an imagined speaker addresses a silent listener, usually not the reader.
“Description” in Greek. An ekphrastic poem is a vivid description of a scene or, more commonly, a work of art.
In traditional English poetry, it is often a melancholy poem that laments its subject's death but ends in consolation.
A letter in verse, usually addressed to a person close to the writer.
Nonmetrical, nonrhyming lines that closely follow the natural rhythms of speech. A regular pattern of sound or rhythm may emerge in free-verse lines, but the poet does not adhere to a metrical plan in their composition.